A heat pump is an effective, energy efficient solution for heating your home. Heat pumps use a small amount of energy to move heat from one location to another. They are typically used to pull heat out of the air or ground to heat a home, but they can be reversed to also cool a space.
Geothermal pumps receive most of their heating and cooling capabilities from the earth. They are a closed loop unit that utilizes a double or single flow center and a ground loop. The ground loop is a polymer plastic pipe buried about five to eight feet deep in the ground.
An open loop system uses a pump, which is either a shallow well external pump up to 30’ or a deep well pump below 30’. Both bring fresh water from the well and pump it through the same coaxial as the closed loop. The water from the open loop is discharged into either a leach bed or a dry well that is in the yard.
Installation for a small through-the-wall or window unit heat pump to cool and heat a single room costs about $500-$2000. A whole house unit will cost between $2000 and $8000, as long as there is usable duct work. Cost can double or triple if new duct work is needed. In older homes, a heat pump might require hiring an electrician to upgrade the electrical panel to 200 amps, which can cost an additional $1000 -$3000.
Costs estimates for installation include equipment delivery, preparing the worksite for installation, protecting the existing structure, finishes, materials and components, job cleanup and debris removal, and labor and set-up time.
Heat pump installation can be completed in approximately one day. To ensure the pump works correctly and truly makes energy usage more efficient, it is best to hire a professional installer.
There are two different types of heat pump systems: geothermal heat pumps (closed loops) and open loop systems. The benefits of using either system include:
If you have questions about how a heat pump works or you would like to speak with someone about how a heat pump can benefit your home, contact Northern Comfort Systems.